白玉| 苗栗| 准格尔旗| 乌审旗| 永德| 让胡路| 屏山| 肥城| 嵊州| 郓城| 中方| 桦川| 宁陕| 青县| 垣曲| 丹东| 璧山| 镇安| 天祝| 泽库| 建水| 红古| 朝阳市| 江油| 乌恰| 浏阳| 称多| 密山| 城阳| 吉林| 通海| 封丘| 范县| 若羌| 雄县| 八一镇| 南岳| 威宁| 岳阳县| 赤城| 无为| 连云区| 宜川| 原平| 龙口| 安塞| 宁南| 黟县| 奎屯| 杭锦后旗| 濠江| 孟州| 忻州| 巨鹿| 桑植| 西畴| 兴业| 文昌| 宣化区| 赤峰| 北仑| 枝江| 万宁| 临桂| 甘棠镇| 广汉| 永德| 久治| 武昌| 霍邱| 天水| 嘉祥| 巨鹿| 青河| 得荣| 和龙| 浚县| 黔江| 夏津| 新会| 文安| 漳浦| 北川| 郑州| 邕宁| 潼关| 台儿庄| 富拉尔基| 乐东| 电白| 松阳| 肥城| 渠县| 江源| 易门| 泸县| 宣城| 鸡东| 漠河| 威信| 中牟| 和林格尔| 叶城| 阳信| 白碱滩| 临沂| 江宁| 胶州| 靖江| 桦川| 正蓝旗| 漳平| 汝州| 江都| 白城| 通海| 纳雍| 峨眉山| 谢通门| 潼关| 花莲| 南县| 武昌| 得荣| 高碑店| 漠河| 桑日| 沙坪坝| 正定| 长葛| 彰武| 武陵源| 太谷| 屏南| 沁水| 六合| 江门| 珠海| 铜梁| 上高| 永德| 井冈山| 安多| 会理| 全州| 卓尼| 陆丰| 兴海| 白朗| 花都| 南溪| 瓦房店| 酉阳| 永兴| 尉氏| 郯城| 岐山| 湟中| 海原| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 洛宁| 光山| 宿豫| 富拉尔基| 陈巴尔虎旗| 九寨沟| 英山| 金阳| 石家庄| 长沙县| 来凤| 汤阴| 中牟| 古蔺| 河北| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 阿荣旗| 宁夏| 灵台| 菏泽| 砀山| 都匀| 兴义| 平阳| 吉林| 慈溪| 永定| 墨玉| 拜泉| 平顺| 阿克塞| 三江| 杜尔伯特| 沅江| 辽阳县| 庄浪| 景洪| 民勤| 吴川| 永昌| 武功| 兴义| 汪清| 三江| 宁德| 广水| 长春| 友谊| 洛阳| 红原| 叶县| 莒县| 浙江| 东丰| 略阳| 下陆| 常州| 洛南| 乌兰浩特| 高安| 霍山| 井陉矿| 岐山| 南丰| 平江| 普定| 囊谦| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 云南| 香格里拉| 柘荣| 濉溪| 会宁| 察雅| 塘沽| 杜集| 西峡| 两当| 宣化县| 华容| 尚志| 巴林左旗| 天峻| 香港| 德兴| 电白| 赤壁| 恭城| 繁峙| 平湖| 乐亭| 凤冈| 北安| 浮山| 陈仓| 郁南| 普宁| 乃东| 乌拉特中旗| 江达| 安庆| 普洱| 龙岗|

长春--吉林频道--人民网

2019-09-16 08:17 来源:糗事百科

  长春--吉林频道--人民网

  ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersqueuetoentertheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiYang)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuZhen)TeachersencourageexamineesatanexamvenueinGuiyang,capitalofsouthwestChinasGuizhouProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/TaoLiang)ExamineeswaittoenteranexamvenueatLhasaMiddleSchoolinLhasa,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LiuDongjun)AteacherdistributesIDcardsandstationerytoexamineesatanexamvenueinChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/JiangHongjing),capitalofeastChinasAnhuiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ZhangDuan)AstaffmemberchecksthecredentialsofexamineesatanexamvenueinBeijing,capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LuoXiaoguang)AnexamineeclapshandswithherteacherbeforeenteringanexamvenueinXian,capitalofnorthwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ZhangBowen)ExamineesenteranexamvenueatHainanMiddleSchoolinHaikou,capitalofsouthChinasHainanProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/GuoCheng)AstudentencouragesexamineesatanexamvenueinBeijing,capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)

Special:ChinesePresidentXiJinpingandhisIraniancounterpartHassanRouhanhShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinthecoastalcityofQingdao,ineastChinavestrategicpartnershipduringhisstatevisittoIranin2016,Xisaidthetwocountriessincethenhaveincreasedcooperationandfnandwitnessedincreasinglycloserpeople-to-peopleexchanges,,XisaidChinaisreadytoworkwithIrantojointlypromotesteaerarchingprincipletocontinuouslyenhancestrategicmutualtrust,increaseexchangesatalllevels,andcontinuetounderstandandsupporteachotRoadInitiative,promotelawenforcementandsecuritycooperationcenteringoncounter-terrorism,anddeepenpeople-to-peopleexchangesandcooperationwiththeaimtoenhanceChina-Iranfriendship,sm,XisaidthedealisconducivetosafeguardingpeaceandstabilityintheMiddleEastandtheinternationalnon-proliferationregime,utesandhotspotissues,andisreadytostrengthencooperationwithIranundermultilateralframeworksandpromotethebuildingofanewtypeofinternationalrelations,svisittoIrantwoyearsagosignificantlyelevatedthebilateralrelations,saidRouhani,addingthatIranfeelshappyaboutthesma,andwellimplementcooperationagreementsonjointlybuildingtheBeltandRoad,,andIranexpectstheinternationalcommunityincludingChinatoplayapositiveroleinproperlydealingwithrelevantissues,,XiandRouhaniwitnessedthesigningofbilateralcooperationagreements.AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PassengersareseenatSentosaStationonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AtramrunsonSentosaIsland,AsiasleadingleisuredestinationandSingaporespremierislandgetaway,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewfromthetramonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)TouristsareseenonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewofsceneryneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AshuttlebusonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)

  ,2017showstwilightthroughtheSeventeenArchBridgeintheSummerPalaceinBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/LiuXianguo)China,700activitieswillbeheldacrossChinatocelebratethisyearsculturalandnaturalheritageday,,whichwasestablishedtosafegstakealookat20culturalheritagesitesinChina,,originallynamedQingyiYuan,ortheGardenofClearRipples,wasanimperialgardenconstructedin1750byEmperorQianlonginabidtocelebratehismother,emperorsandempressesspenttheirleisuretimethere,eselandscapegardendesign,,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,,2018,togreettheSpringFestivalandTibetanNewYear.(Xinhua/Chogo),LhasaThePotalaPalace,winterpalaceoftheDalaiLama,hassymbolizedTibetanBuddhismanditscen,madeupoftheWhiteandRedPalaceswiththeirancillarybuildings,isbuiltonRedMountaininthecenterofLhasaValley,atanaltitudeof3,,JokhangTempleMonasteryandNorbulingkawereaddedtothelistrespectivelyin1994,,2018showsthesnowsceneryofWestLakeinHangzhou,eastChinaZhejiangProvince,,2018.(Xinhua/HuangZongzhi),,WestLakeCulturalLandscapeofHangzhouhasinspiredfamouspoets,,pagodas,pavilions,gardensandornamentaltrees,,2018showsseaofcloudsafterrainfallatHuangyaguansectionoftheGreatWallinTianjin,northChina.(Xinhua/YangYushan),theGreatWallwindsupanddownacrossdeserts,grasslands,mountainsandplateaus,,horsetracks,watchtowers,andsheltersonthewall,,000years,,itisstilloneofthemostappealingattractionsallaroundt,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,,northwestChinasGansuProvince,,2016.(Photo/Xinhua),Gansuprovince,theMogaocaves,alsoknownastheThousand-BuddhaCaves,aretheworldslargest,mostrichlyendowed,,atthecrossroadsoftradeaswellasreligious,,thecarvingofthecavesstartedin366ADandcontinuedforabout1,,housingabout45,000squaremetersofmuralsandmorethan2,000paintedsculptures,,wi(Photo/Xinhua)sYuanDynastyinChina,slegendarycapitalcity,designedbytheMongolrulersChineseadvisor,LiuBingzhong,,includingtemples,palaces,tombs,nomadicencampmentsandtheTiefangangCanal,,,:/FengJun):anImperialSacrificialAltarinBeijingLocatedinthesouthernpartofBeijing,theTempleofHeavenisamagnificentcomplexoffirs,andisthelargestoneinBeijingamongseveralroyalaltarstoHeaven,Earth,theSun,,SoutheastChinasFujianprovince,onDec9,2016.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangDongming)e15thand20thcenturiesover120kilometersinthesouth-westofFujianprovince,irfunctionexe,,efilm,resembling"scarfs"and"dresses",aspartoftheirrestorationintheEmperorQinshihuangsMausoleumSiteMuseuminXian,Shaanxiprovince,Feb23,2015.(Photo/CFP)ntainingterracottawarriorsandhorsesarelocatedinLintongcounty,nearXi’ancity,,,themausoleumislaidoutinlinewiththedimensionsofXianyang,,,,ridianGate(WuMen)ofthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,April17,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)ForbiddenCity,locatedinthecenterofBeijing,,,,(anareaenclosedbyfourpoles).In1924,theimperialfamilyoftheQingDynastywasremovedfromtheForbiddenCity,age,nearMountHuangshan,Anhuiprovince,inMay.(Photo:ChinaDaily/WangHao),HuangshancityinsouthAnhuiprovince,thetwotraditionalvillagesXidiandHongcunarearchitecturalcomplexes,,landscape,architecturalform,decorationandconstructiontechniquesallretaint,northChinasShanxiProvince,April22,,listedasaUNESCOWorldCulturalHeritagesitein2001,willwitnessatourismpeakastheMayDayholidayiscoming.(Photo:Xinhua/YanYan),some16kmwestofDatongcity,Shanxiprovince,theYungangGrottoeswerebuiltagainstthemountainandextendaboutonekm(),000statueswithinacarvedareaof18,000squaremeters,YungangGrottoesrepresenttheoutstandin,withtheirstrictunityoflayoutanddesign,coPoliticalPartyForumvisitLiuyuanorLingeringGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,April22,2013.(Xinhua/ShenPeng),whichseekstorecreateminiaturenaturallandscapes,isnotillustratedanybetterthanintheninegardensinthehistoriccityofSuzhou,’,2017showstheviewofChengdesummerresortinnorthChinasHebeiProvince.(Xinhua/LiuMancang),ChengdeIntermsofthegenerallayout,architecturalstyles,constructiontechniques,decorationdetailsandgardenlandscape,theMountainResort,avastcomplexofpalacesandadministrativeandceremonialbuildingsbuiltbetween1703and1792,representsthebroadexchangeandconvergencebetweenHancultureandtheethniccultures-Confucianism,BuddhismandTaoism-andthearchitecturalstylesbetweenChina,theMountainResorthastemplesofmanyarchitecturalstylesandimperialgardensblendeffortlesslyintoalandscapeoflakes,,,centralChinasHenanProvince,April17,(Xinhua/ZhuXiang)e(618-907).Located13kmsouthofLuoyang,Henanprovince,theLongmenGrottoesareconcentratedontheeastandwestcliffsoftheYishuiRiver,,duringtheNorthernWeiDynasty,Grottoes,liketheTwentyGemsofLongmenCalligraphyandZhuSuiliang’sstonetablets,,madein641inhonorofthemotherofthefourthsonofEmperorTaizong,,,LushanMountainisoneofthemostrenownedmountainsandtourismresortsinthecountry.(Photo/ShanghaiDaily),LushanMountainisoneofChina’,whichwasinscribedontheWorldHeritageListin1996,i,LushanisthebirthplaceofChineselandscapepoetry,plus,thefamousLushanPlenumrepresentsitsroleinChina’,,southwestChinasYunnanProvince,,SCOin1997.(Photo:Xinhua/YangZongyou),lyingontheLijiangplainatanelevationof2,400metersinsouthwestYunnanprovinceofChina,alandstrategifelementsfromseveralcultures,anditsancientwater-supplysy,WudangMountain,alsoknownasTaiheMountain,isbothafamousscenicspotandaholysiteofTaoism,Chinasindigenousreligion.(Photo/)anjiangkouincentralHubeiprovince,theWudangMountainsarehometoafamouscomplexofancientpalaces,periodofnearly1,,anannualeventputonbythespecialadministrativeregionsgovernment,sonSundaynight,(Photo:Xinhua/ZhangJinjia)’straditionalChinesedesign,itstandswitnesst’smissionaryroleintheFarEastwhilealso,formingthemostuniqueblendofculturalheritageexistinginChina’,,clairaudienceandtheJadeEmperorintheDazuRockCarvingsinChongqingmunicipality.(Photo/TheofficialWechataccountofDazuRockCarvings),,’,50,000statuesand100,000inscribedwithChinesecharacter,1999.PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornlastyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsgiantpandasbornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplayonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)

  PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)TakinsareseeninmountainousregionofFopingCounty,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June9,entimprovement.(Xinhua/ZhaoJianqiang)TakinsareseeninmountainousregionofFopingCounty,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June9,entimprovement.(Xinhua/ZhaoJianqiang)TakinsareseeninmountainousregionofFopingCounty,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June9,entimprovement.(Xinhua/ZhaoJianqiang)TakinsareseeninmountainousregionofFopingCounty,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June9,entimprovement.(Xinhua/ZhaoJianqiang)AtakinisseeninmountainousregionofFopingCounty,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June9,entimprovement.(Xinhua/ZhaoJianqiang)

PolandsRobertLewandowski(2ndL)attendsatrainingsessionaheadofthe2018RussiaWorldCup,inWarsaw,Poland,onJune11,2018.(Xinhua/MaciejGillert)PolandsRobertLewandowskiattendsatrainingsessionaheadofthe2018RussiaWorldCup,inWarsaw,Poland,onJune11,2018.(Xinhua/MaciejGillert)FrancesPaulPogba(1stL)attendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesOlivierGiroud(L)attendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesAntoineGriezmann(L)attendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesKylianMbappeattendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesPaulPogba(L)attendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesgoalkeeperHugoLlorisattendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesKylianMbappeattendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesKylianMbappe(R)attendsatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)FrancesplayersattendatrainingsessionaheadoftheRussia2018WorldCupinMoscow,Russia,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)AdamNawalka(C),headcoachofPoland,talkstotheplayersduringatrainingsessionaheadofthe2018RussiaWorldCup,inWarsaw,Poland,onJune11,2018.(Xinhua/MaciejGillert)PolandsRobertLewandowski(LFront)attendsatrainingsessionaheadofthe2018RussiaWorldCup,inWarsaw,Poland,onJune11,2018.(Xinhua/MaciejGillert)

  TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()A30-meter-tallmatryoshkadoll,deemedthelargestofitskindworldwide,hasbecomeamajorattractioninManchuria,China,anditissurroundedby30exquisiteEastereggtryosh,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()

  TheHospitalforCulturalRelics,astate-of-the-artpreservationcenterdesignedtoprotectandtreatnationaltreasuresatBeijingsPalaceMuseum,openedtothepubliconatrialbasisonSaturday,coincidingwithChina,whomadereservationsinadvanceviathemuseumswebsite,iningthepreservationprocessindetailtovisitors."Thevolunteershelpvisitorsrealizetheimportanceofprotectingandrestoringrelics,"saidShanJixiang,nlinereservationsinthenearfuture,withvi,witharound200professionalrestorers,isChina,includingpaintingsandcalligraphy,porcelain,bronzeworks,furniture,signedtodi,Shansaid,relicswi,notingitscomposition,originaluse,damage,,whowereselectedfromamong871candidates,aremainlyteachers,,ascreenwriter,vo,sheintroducedatableplaqueintheshapeoftheChinesecharactershou(longevity)thatdatesbacktothereignofEmperorYongzheng(1722-35).Itwasrecentlyrestored,andshepointedoutthedetailedworkrestorershaddonetorepairitsred-crownedcranedecoration.",Ifeelaconnectionbeyondtheages,""Thekeyistomaintainapersonalstylewhilebetterconveyingpracticalinformationtovisitors,",avolunteerandChinaRadioInternationalbroadcaster,sa,atimepiecerestorerwhorosetofameafterthe2016documentaryandwhohastutoredvolunteers,said:"Thevolunteersareinhighspirits,andvisitorstrulyappreciatetheirhelp."PengDai,acollegestudentmajoringinChinesemusicalinstruments,said:"Astheyoungergeneration,wecannotbesatisfiedbyjus,withvolunteersexplanations,canprovideuswithmoreknowledgesothatifwereinterested,weknowhowtostudyfurther."Asavisitor,Penghasbeenl,,ChinadesignatedthesecondSaturdayofJuneastheannualCulturalandNaturalHeritageDaytoraiseawarenessofnationaltreasures.FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)

  Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”

  GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)SingaporeanPrimeMinisterLeeHsienLoong(R)meetswithKimJongUn,chairmanoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)andchairmanoftheStateAffairsCommissionoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK),inSingapore,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/ThenChihWey)SingaporeanPrimeMinisterLeeHsienLoong(R)shakeshandswithKimJongUn,chairmanoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)andchairmanoftheStateAffairsCommissionoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK),inSingapore,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/ThenChihWey)

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  AresidentmakesZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)PeoplepickleavestomakeZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinforestofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)AwomancleansleavesformakingZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinarivuletofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)Volunteersmakezongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,fortheelderlypersonsofnofamilytocelebratetheDuanwuFestivalatacommunityinZhenjiangCity,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/ShiYucheng)

  AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)GuardsworkattheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PolicecarsareseenneartheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)(CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  

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【凤凰公开课】博士话酒:三个层次教你如何辨别真假酒?

WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June10,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)


来源:凤凰网酒业

最近有更多的朋友开始问我另一个问题:我们买的酒到底是不是真的?其实要鉴定白酒的真伪,有很多方法,那么我从菜鸟级、高手级、骨灰级三个级别的专家是如何鉴定真假酒的来讲讲。

最近有更多的朋友开始问我另一个问题:我们买的酒到底是不是真的?其实要鉴定白酒的真伪,有很多方法,那么我从菜鸟级、高手级、骨灰级三个级别的专家是如何鉴定真假酒的来讲讲。如果您觉得高手级别和骨灰级别的方法看不懂,那么学会菜鸟级的“六看”方法,也是对于鉴定真假酒很有帮助的。

一、菜鸟级鉴定方法

真假酒的鉴定其实最可靠的还是品评,因为每一种成品酒都有其固有的风格,比如说茅台酒的出厂感官评语一般是“无色或微黄透明、酱香突出、优雅细腻、酒体醇厚、回味悠长、空杯留香持久”,这一风格与其他酱香酒还是有一些区别的,特别是在“优雅细腻”这四个字上,很多别的酒达不到,但是除非是专业的品酒师,否则很难判定真假茅台酒细微的差别。为了让大家都能有个直观简易的判定真假方法,我教大家用“六看”来判别一般的真假酒,高仿酒除外。

1、看外盒:在买酒时一定要认真综合审视该酒的商标名称、色泽、图案以及标签、合格证、礼品盒等方面的情况。好的白酒其外盒、标签的印刷是十分讲究的,纸质精良白净、字体规范清晰,色泽鲜艳均匀,图案套色准确,油墨线条不重叠。真品包装的边缘接缝齐整严密,没有松紧不均、留缝隙的现象。

2、看瓶盖:名优白酒的瓶盖现在大都使用防盗盖,其特点是用材较好,制作精良,盖体光滑,形状统一,用手一扭即断,盖上图案、文字整齐清楚,封口严密。而假冒产品的瓶盖多为手工制作,封口不严,时有漏酒现象,盖口不易扭断,图案文字不清晰,且有脱落现象。

3、看瓶型:这个主要是针对茅台、五粮液、泸州老窖等独具特色的瓶型。如茅台酒多年来一直使用乳白色圆柱形玻璃瓶,瓶身光滑,无杂质;泸州老窖特曲使用的是异形瓶,瓶底有“泸州老窖酒厂专利瓶”字样。假酒则酒瓶瓶形高低粗细不等,外包装陈旧、无新鲜感,封口不严或压齿不整齐。

4、看酒色:若是无色透明玻璃瓶包装,把酒瓶拿在手中,慢慢地倒置过来,对着光观察瓶的底部,如果有下沉的物质或有云雾状现象,说明酒中杂质较多。如果酒液不失光、不浑浊,没有悬浮物,说明酒的质量比较好。从色泽上看,除酱香型酒外,一般白酒都应该是无色透明的。若酒是瓷瓶或带色玻璃瓶包装,稍微摇动后开启,同样观其色和沉淀物。

5、看油溶:在酒中加一滴食用油,看油在酒中的运动状况,如果油在酒中的扩散比较均匀,并且匀速下沉,则酒的质量较好;如果油在酒中呈不规则扩散状态,且下沉速度变化明显,则可以肯定酒的质量有问题,属于伪劣产品。

6、看水溶:用透明无色玻璃杯取半杯可疑的白酒,然后往杯中逐渐加入凉开水,加到和白酒等量或更多时,杯中的液体若仍呈透明状,则是甲醇或工业酒精兑制,因为甲醇可以与水无限混溶,故千万不能喝。如果是食用白酒,则会出现混浊现象,这是因为食用白酒中含有酯类物质,酯类物质只溶于酒精,难溶于水,当水量增加、酒精比例减少,酯类析出而呈现混浊现象。

二、高手级鉴定方法

1、包装物印刷防伪:激光全息防伪,激光全息防伪标识就是记录有代表某种商品的特定图案及文字的全息图。激光光刻防伪,在酒经收缩膜包装以后,用激光光刻机将一字串或图案印在收缩膜与包装瓶上。水印技术,水印商标、厂名是在造纸过程中形成的,难以仿制。这与其它防伪技术易仿制相比,具有不易仿制的特点。

2、电话防伪:它采用的是密码防伪的办法,即在防伪标识上隐藏一组密码,消费者刮开防伪标识就可以看到这组密码,然后拨通查询电话,键入密码,就可以瞬间与全国联网的数码中心核对,电脑语音答复是否为真品。大多数白酒企业都使用这种手段。

3、二维码防伪:二维码的追踪溯源功能,在生产环节中将酒的生产日期、原料、保质期、原产地生成二维码,从而实现在生产、销售和使用环节的验证,当酒到达零售终端市场后,零售客户用零售终端信息系统,即可识别解析产品包装上的二维码,读出酒出厂信息和零售客户订单信息,流通到消费者手中后,消费者通过手机客户端识别软件可获取该酒的流通渠道信息及真伪识别服务。酱酒企业里面习酒、国台等已经使用了这种手段。

4、RFID射频防伪:终极防伪技术要采用RFID和NFC非接触射频识别技术,茅台、五粮液就用RFID。RFID用于防伪,从芯片层面就无法复制,再加上芯片可写入厂家独特的数字签名,写一次芯片就变成只读标签,彻底防伪。而消费者只需要用自己NFC手机读一下标签,防伪信息和物流跟踪信息就清清楚楚列出来了。另外RFID比二维码有个显著的优点,可以远距离识别,就比如一个箱子里面,读写设备在外面就可以将信息读写。

三、 骨灰级技术专家的鉴定方法

1、用近红外透射光谱与气相色谱分析相结合的方式鉴定真假酒。

这个是我要着重介绍的,茅台集团的王莉等以2004年11批出厂茅台酒作为建立茅台酒指纹模型建模样品,三十个2004年生产四轮次酒样品和21个其它酱香型样品(包括郎酒、国台、金沙回沙酒、珍酒、茅台当地产酱香型酒样品)作为比较样品,首先建立茅台酒近红外光谱指纹图,应用近红外光谱比较便捷快速的特点对真假茅台酒做出风格相似性判断;然后应用毛细管柱进行色谱分析,建立主要成分的指纹数据并将色谱分析数据应用化学计量软件进行处理建立茅台酒气相色谱指纹图,再利用气相色谱指纹模型对样品进行特征性判断;最后经过专家感官品尝做出最后鉴定。结果发现仪器鉴定的和专家感官品尝的结果一致。

通俗点说就是,用仪器扫描茅台酒和其他酱香酒的成分,然后建立数学模型,发现如图所示,茅台酒布点都集中在一个圈圈范围内,而其他酱酒处于另外一个圈圈内。那么就很容易判定茅台酒的真假。至于如果要判定其他酱酒的真假,则需要进一步测试建立数学模型。

图1茅台酒气相色谱指纹模型建模结果        图2鉴定真假茅台酒流程图

2、利用单光子电离飞行时间质谱法鉴别真假酒。

东华理工大学的欧阳永中等利用单光子电离飞行时间质谱法(SPI—TOF—MS),结合主成分分析(PCA),在无需样品预处理的条件下,建立了快速准确鉴别酒类样品真假的方法。同时,利用光电子电离质谱法(PEI—TOF—MS)对SPI-TOF—MS的准确度和可靠性进行了验证。结果表明,本方法不仅能快速实现对茅台、劲酒等5种不同品牌酒的真假区分,还可以对影响酒的品质的特征物质进行分析和鉴定。与其它离子化技术(如El,PEI,ICP等)相比,SPI作为一种“软”电离源,更容易产生分子离子峰,图谱更简单。因此,本方法有望应用于市场上酒类饮品的真假鉴别及品质的鉴定,对于快速筛选伪劣酒类产品有着重要的应用价值。

3、品酒大师的鉴定真假酒。其实这个我就不用多说了,这个靠的是大师们多年修炼的品酒能力,对于酒的色香味格进行评定,观其色,闻其香气,辨别香气的高低和香气特点,品其味,喝少量酒并在舌面上铺开,分辨味感的薄厚、绵柔、醇和、粗糙以及酸、甜、甘、辣是否协调,有无余味。这个是最难的,骨灰级中最高级别。

邹江鹏,1981年生,贵州国台酒业有限公司副总经理,法国南特大学理学博士,中国四川大学工学博士,中酒协标委会委员,《酱香型白酒技术标准体系》主要制定者之一,高级工程师,国家一级品酒师,贵州省评酒委员,贵州大学酿酒与食品工程学院兼职教授,青年白酒专家学者, 微信号:zoujump

[责任编辑:黄蓉]

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